Biogradska Gora is a forest and a national park in Montenegro within Kolašin municipality. It is the site of one of the last three rainforests in Europe. The landscape is one of mountain ridges, glacial lakes, and temperate forest.
Biogradska Gora is located in the mountainous region of Bjelasica in the central part of Montenegro between the rivers Tara and Lim, and is surrounded by three municipalities: Kolašin, Berane and Mojkovac. It is the most northeasterly of the five national parks in Montenegro.
The National Park is 54 km² in area. Basic elements of the Park are: untouched forest, large mountain slopes and tops over 2,000 meters high, six glacial lakes, five at an altitude of 1,820 meters and one easy accessible low land lake located at the very entrance to the park, Biogradsko Lake.
Swift streams cut through scenery of Biogradska Gora, green pastures and clear lakes reflecting centennial forests. The Park is renowned as a unique geomorphological region and, as such, it is attractive for scientific research. The seat of the park is in Kolašin.
The national park abounds in cultural and historic heritage consisting of sacral monuments national building and archeological localities. Numerous authentic buildings of traditional architecture are found throughout the pastures and villages next to the virgin forest reserve on the Bjelasica mountain range.
History of the Park
When Kolašin was liberated from Turkish rule in 1878, people from the Morača and Rovca presented a part of the forest to King Nikola I Petrović-Njegoš of Montenegro. This forest was known as “Branik Kralja Nikole” and was protected. Biogradska Gora was proclaimed a National Park in 1952.
Today, the park has developed infrastructure for tourists, including a visitors center, hiking trails, campsites, and a restaurant. It is popular in the summer for tourists seeking a cooler environment than the coast.
Nearby the National Park, a battle occurred with forces of the Ottoman Empire facing Montenegrins in the 1858 Battle of Kolašin. There were also important battles fought in the First Balkan War of 1912 and this region represented the center of activities of partisans in World War II. For years back, shepherds used rich pasture in this region for grazing sheep and other cattle. These slopes still used as pastures and visitors to the park can enjoy the hospitality of shepherds in their summer houses.
Hiking NP Biogradska gora
In the NP Biogradska gora there are several marked trails with standard signalization. After categorizing the degree of difficulty they are mainly medium-heavy tracks with the average length of 12 km. Every path leads to the highest angle and the lake (Black Head, Zekova head Troglava, Lake Pesic, Sisko Lake and Lake Ursulovačko). You can also rent guide service.
Although it is the one of smallest of five national parks in Montenegro, Biogradska Gora National Park contains great diversity of flora and fauna.
There are 26 different habitats of plants with 220 different plants, 150 species of birds, and 10 species of mammals live in this Park and in its forest, there are 86 species of trees and shrubs. In the waters of the park exist three species of trout and 350 species of insects.
Rainfall is extremely high in the area, averaging up to 100 inches per year, and allows the growth of temperate rainforest. One of the unique features of the park is its virgin forest, Biogradska Gora (16 km²) with trees over five hundred years old.
In the very heart of virgin forest is Biogradsko Lake, the largest glacier lake in this National park. The most common tree species around the lake are European beech, sycamore maple and European ash, and on the slopes beech and silver fir.